On the other hand, budgetary and social agreements such as those between children and parents are generally unenforceable on the basis of public order. For example, in the English case Balfour v. Balfour, a man agreed to give 30 dollars a month to his wife while he was not home, but the court refused to enforce the agreement when the husband stopped paying. On the other hand, in Merritt/Merritt, the Tribunal imposed an agreement between an insane couple, because the circumstances suggested that their agreement should have legal consequences. In India, electronic contracts are subject to the Indian Contract Act (1872), under which certain conditions must be met, while making valid contact. Some sections of the Information Technology Act (2000) also provide for the validity of online contracts.  In some U.S. states, e-mail exchanges have become binding contracts. In 2016, the New York courts ruled that the principles of real estate contracts applied to both electronic communications and electronic signatures, provided that “their content and subscription meet all applicable status requirements” and in accordance with the Electronic Signatures and Records Act (ESRA).  Some contracts are subject to multilateral instruments that require an unelected court to dismiss cases and require recognition of court judgments based on a jurisdiction clause.
For example, the instruments of the Brussels regime (31 European states) and the Hague Convention on Judicial Decisions (European Union, Mexico, Montenegro, Singapore), as well as several legal acts relating to a particular legal area, may require the courts to apply and recognise the non-law and legal choice clauses and foreign judgments. A misrepresentation means a false assertion of fact made by one party with respect to another party and results in that party entering the contract. For example, in certain circumstances, misrepresentations or commitments by a seller of goods regarding the quality or nature of the product available to the seller may constitute misrepresentation. The identification of misrepresentations allows recourse to resignation and sometimes damages depending on the nature of the misrepresentation. The court may issue an order of the “specific benefit” that requires the performance of the contract. In certain circumstances, a court will order a party to keep its promise (a “specific benefit order”) or to issue an injunction known as an “injunction of omission” that a party will refrain from doing something that would be contrary to the treaty. Some benefit is available for breach of a contract to sell land or real estate with reasons such that the property has a unique value. In the United States, through the 13th Amendment to the U.S.
Constitution, the specific provision in personal service contracts is only legal, “as punishment for a crime whose criminal must be wrongly convicted.”  Clients` claims against securities dealers and dealers are almost always settled in accordance with contractual arbitration clauses, as securities dealers are required to settle disputes with their clients in accordance with the terms of their affiliation with self-regulatory organizations such as the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (formerly NASD) or the NYSE. Companies then began to include arbitration agreements in their customer agreements, which required their clients to settle disputes.   If the contractual terms are uncertain or incomplete, the parties cannot reach an agreement in the eyes of the law.  An agreement is not a contract and the inability to agree on key issues that may include price or security elements may lead to the failure of the entire contract.