James Agreement

Posted by | December 11, 2020 | Uncategorized | No Comments

In the 1960s, Quebec began developing potential hydroelectric resources in the North and established the James Bay Development Corporation in 1971 to monitor the development of the mining industry, the forestry industry and other potential resources, starting with the James Bay Hydroelectric project. This massive undertaking, led by an increasingly confident Quebec government, without consulting the natives, was rejected by most Cree and Inuit in northern Quebec. The Quebec Association of Indians – a group of ad hoc representatives from Northern Quebec – sued the government and obtained, on November 15, 1973, an injunction before the Quebec Superior Court that blocked the development of hydroelectricity until the province negotiated an agreement with Aboriginal nations. On March 24, 2010, the governments of Quebec and Canada and the Inuit renewed a tripartite housing agreement in Nunavik. This new 5-year agreement will allow the construction of some 340 social housing units in Nunavik. As outlined in this agreement, the Government of Canada will finance the construction of housing units, while the Quebec government will assume the operating deficit over a 15-year period. Makivik Corporation will be the main contractor for building construction and the Kativik Municipal Housing Bureau will be owner and manager. In 2008-09, INAC contributed a total of $13,802,900 to Makivik Corporation and $14,221,000 in 2009-10. Over the years, the Canadian government has signed two “implementation agreements” with the Naskapi and Inuit and an out-of-court agreement with Cree: JBNQA and NEQA are the first comprehensive land claim agreements signed in modern times between the governments of Quebec and Canada and the Aborigines.

These agreements contain components of self-management and lay the groundwork for a new relationship between the Cree, Inuit, Naskapi and the Government of Canada. The area covered by the JBNQA and THE NEQA covers more than one million square kilometres of land in Quebec, between the 48th and 62nd parallels. It was once part of a larger federal territory known as Ruperts Land, from which two long distances were transferred to Quebec in 1898 and 1912. On June 18, 2009, a new five-year funding agreement was concluded for the eeyou-Eenou police. This agreement is the result of the negotiation and revision of Complementary Agreement 19, which amended Section 19 JBNQA. The new agreement will allow at least 70 police officers to patrol cree communities. The following year, the Quebec government negotiated the necessary agreement. On November 15, 1974 – exactly one year after the Supreme Court`s decision – an agreement in principle was signed between the governments of Canada, Quebec, Hydro-Québec`s public property, the Grand Council of Crees, led by Billy Diamond and the Inuit Association of Northern Quebec. [1] The final agreement – the James Bay And Northern Quebec Agreement – was signed on November 11, 1975. This agreement initially extended only to the claims of Quebec Cree and the Inuit; On January 31, 1978, the Naskapi of Quebec signed a parallel agreement – the Northeast Quebec Agreement – and joined the institutions created under the 1975 Agreement. The James Bay and Northern Quebec Agreement is an Aboriginal settlement that was approved in 1975 by the Cree and Inuit in northern Quebec and slightly amended in 1978 by the agreement in northeastern Quében.

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